We review a general modeling framework and statistical metrics typically used for reliability assessments as part of the clinical validation. We also present methods for the assessment of agreement and measurement error, alongside modified approaches for categorical measures. We illustrate the discussed techniques using physical activity data from a wearable device with an accelerometer sensor collected in clinical trial participants. Key Messages: This paper provides statisticians and data scientists, involved in development and validation of novel digital clinical measures, an overview of the statistical methodologies and analytical tools for reliability assessment.
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