There are a wealth of different internet-based treatments available that are commonly classified into two categories: live, real time video therapy – such as telepsychiatry using Zoom – or digital self-help programs with or without human guidance that is often asynchronous (Andersson et al., 2019). Combinations of these two approaches also exist along with the blending of internet-based treatments with face-to-face therapy (Erbe et al., 2017). Understanding the significance of differences in approaches is complicated by inconsistent and confusing terminology used to describe the approaches (Smoktunowicz et al., 2020).
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